The Origins of Person-Centered Planning — A Community of Practice Perspective

Connie Lyle O'Brien and John O’Brien (2000) 

"Like other efforts for social change, person-centered planning has been used and misused, complicated and simplified, lengthened and shortened, trivialized, legalized, and lionized. As an aid to those who use person-centered planning to improve life conditions for people with disabilities, this chapter offers one account of how the family of approaches to person-centered planning developed. We describe the context shared by the first four methods to emerge (personal futures planning, individual design sessions, getting to know you, and 24-hour planning) and indicate some of their formative influences.

This is recent history as viewed by insiders. We understand person-centered planning as a systematic way to generate an actionable understanding of a person with a developmental disability as a contributing community member, and we can identify eleven distinct and mostly related approaches that developed during what we think of as its formative period: 1979 to 1992. To prepare we interviewed some of the originators of each approach and collected and read training materials, reports, manuals and accounts of person-centered planning published before 1992."

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